Remember the movie "Jurassic Park". They created dinosaurs by removing the dinosaur DNA from the blood that was submerged by the insect. These are pretty sensational things.
While this is, of course, all science fiction, there is enough real science behind it to make it a very interesting scenario to think about. I remember shopping in the nature shop when the movie first came out and noticing the renewed excitement, people were showing gumboots containing insects.
Type-type fossils are certainly interesting, but amber-containing fossils are particularly intriguing, as they are often preserved in such fine three-dimensional detail. This also includes soft parts and details directly to the cellular structure. These amber fossils are a window into the past that we simply do not get from other fossils, such as the impression of a rock.
In fact, amber is a fossil, not just insects and another living creature. Amber is a fossil tree, also called tree resin. Process The precise process by which a tree's mold hardens the fossil is still a mystery, so it cannot be reproduced in a laboratory. This amber makes it very unique and looks great.
Amber is found all over the world, but the two areas with the highest concentrations are the Baltic region of Eastern Europe and the Dominican Republic. Baltic amber has been traded on a much larger scale and for a much longer time than the Dominican amber. In fact, it wasn't until the 1960s that the world began to notice the Dominican amber. However, it was definitely known to the native Taino as early as BC. 400. They used it for decoration purposes, and it was found in connection with their graves. Amber ores in the Dominican Republic were also known to Christopher Columbus and Spanish colonists in the late 1490s as the Taino people introduced them to amber necklaces when they first arrived. However, the Spaniards have such naive attention to gold, they mostly forget amber.
In the 1960s, the Germans began ore extraction in the Dominican Republic and out of the Dominican Republic coarse amber slabs to be recycled. In the late 1970s, the Dominican government began to consider ammonia as a national natural resource and adopted a law that would not allow it to be exported until it was developed by local Dominican artisans. This preserved some of the income from this natural resource in the country.
Visitors to any region of the Dominican Republic today can find Dominican amber jewelry and other fine amber pieces sold at open markets, beach pavilions, traditional shops and museums. In fact, it's one of the hottest selling points in the Dominican market, which makes people often forget how difficult it really is to reach.
The best Dominican amber, the hardest and oldest and with the most inclusions, occurs in the northern part of Santiago and in the mountainous La Cumbre region south of the Puerto Plata. Located in the high mountains and only accessible by foot or donkey. It is also tightly embedded in the sandstone layers of the lignite and should be extracted from the rock by piece and by hand. Therefore, mine is quite difficult, and it requires special skill and hard physical labor to do it. So when you buy Dominican amber jewelry, remember how difficult it is to get this beautiful gem, and you'll understand why it is and can command a higher price than other jewelry.
Dominican amber is generally considered to be of higher quality than Baltic amber for two main reasons. First, the Dominican amber is more transparent than the Baltic amber, so you can see more clearly what's built-in. In fact, the Baltic amber is usually quite dark in comparison and full of things that make it difficult to pass through. Second, Dominican amber has about 10 times more interesting compounds such as insects than Baltic amber. These reasons will be discussed in detail below.
When you take a Dominican amber you hold in your hands a precious story, literally. The Dominican amber comes from the tree of the Hymenaea protera tree, a tree that was destroyed but associated with a modern algarrobo tree. However, through DNA testing, this prehistoric destroyed tree is, in fact, more closely related to another species found in Africa, the Hymania. In fact, all of the Himalayan trees in the Caribbean originate from the pods of heavy seeds flowing from Africa that pass the same route through the southern equator, along the same route. The trees from which the Dominican amber was created are thought to predominate in the Caribbean's ancient tropical rain forest, 40 to 40 million years ago. These impressive trees were about 82 feet (25 meters) high.
Most of the Dominican amber comes in shades of the same color that you will find in different types of honey: straw yellow, deep golden, deep and brown. However, the Dominican amber also comes in other colors, which are less common and therefore more expensive by collectors. Red amber is occasionally formed by oxidizing the surface and can be quite beautiful. Green amber is even rarer, and the rarest is blue amber. Both green and blue amber these colors shine in the natural sunlight, and most of them are considered the most beautiful type of amber.
Baltic amber makes it much more opaque than the Dominican amber, which is often filled with small air balloons. That is why balitic amber is sometimes referred to as "bone amber" as it can resemble bone within. To remove these bubbles and try to make a simpler and lighter amber, Baltic amber is often treated with high pressure and temperature. This often leaves noticeable layers of amber. Dominican amber does not need to be subjected to such stress, so it is simpler and often more valuable.
Blue amber is almost exclusively in the Dominican Republic, but you have to be careful that you buy it for real. A piece of blue amber jewelry, especially one that has a nice inclusion, is almost always much more expensive than a piece of gold amber. If you find a blue amber piece that seems unrealistically cheap, beware of a buyer. Remember that only 220 pounds (100 kg) of blue amber is found annually, so the market should never be flooded with blue amber jewelry.
It should also be noted that all real Dominican amber shines blue under UV light. In fact, this is one technique used to find out if the Dominican amber is real or not. Copal, like a hardened tree, but not fully satisfied, is sometimes marketed as "amber," but this imitation will not disperse under the light of UV.
Inclusions in Dominican amber jewelry and other Dominican amber pieces can greatly enhance the value of each piece. Inclusions of insects found in the Dominican Republic include flying ants, whole bees, sweat bees, beetles, mold dwarfs, ponds, small crows, moths, spiders, scorpions, parasitic hearths, mammals, meadows. You will also find leaves, flower petals, plant roots, tasteless eggs, spores and powdery mildew. In larger pieces you are even a rare amphibian, creeper or mushroom. These pieces may be worthy of luck and are often kept as museum pieces.
In addition to jewelry, some collectors collect unusually pleasing pieces. They may contain a rarer form of inclusion or an unusual color. All inclusions have some scientific value, but some are so valuable to the scientific community that they are not permitted by the Dominican Museum of Natural History to endorse them.
Dominicans are increasingly aware of how valuable their amber sources are, so the value of this amber is currently growing rapidly. The Dominican amber is a real treasure, and one of the benefits of traveling to the Dominican Republic is the opportunity to buy its favorite piece. Finding a different place for Dominican amber is getting harder every day.