Arctic National Wildlife array (ANWR) was created in 1960 to protect the "unique wildlife, wilderness and recreational values" area. This area has grown from 1960 and today ANWR covers nearly 20 million acres, roughly the size of South Carolina.
In March 2006, the US Senate passed a budget resolution in 2007, which included the lease of the right to drill for oil in the region of the Arctic National Wildlife (ANWR) in Alaska. The Congressional Budget Office assumes that the income derived from the sale of the lease could reach 4.2 billion dollars in the next five years. The same Act allowed the study of the oil and gas potential of the northern part of the area of asylum under the name 1002. At present, the region is considered as a possible site for the development of oil, but environmental groups say that any oil would disrupt the natural ecosystem within ANNR. Analysis 1998, conducted by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), has estimated that around 1002 only about 7 billion barrels of profit oil, but the oil price determines how beneficial this oil.
Released a draft supplementary declaration on the impact on the environment (SEIS) in August 2007, the Federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has renewed attempt to drill for oil in the Arctic. No alternative was not represented in the project. Despite the predominant opposition researchers, local communities, the Society of Wildlife and the general public, it is a sensitive and important habitat for wildlife at risk. The government claims that drilling is not harmful to healthy populations of waterfowl and caribou. But many believe that this is not supported by sound science.
Now most of the land in the north-east the reserve, which has oil potential, is now available for rental. In fact, 3.8 million hectares have been leased for drilling oil and gas and are actively studied. At the moment, the area Tseshekpuk lake – the only part of the north-east of the reserve, which remains closed to drilling. The territory of the lake – one of the most important wetlands in Alaska, but a complex lease BLM plan to reduce the vital residence wildlife. Nevertheless, the analysis, released at the moment, trying to satisfy the court and allow leasing and drilling to move forward. Environmentalists continue to struggle with the plan of oil drilling in the area, saying that there is not a new science, which justifies this decision. It was a constant battle.
years, the government is trying to rent a lake Tseshekpuk zone for the oil industry. Oil companies such as the Corporation Triple Diamond Energy, know that they must continue to provide the nation with energy resources, so that we can become independent from foreign supplies.