May the passion to seek and my unfailing love for the wilderness of Alaska were born on the beaches of Nome in 1993. I could not stop whistling from north to Alaska! I was fortune to spend seven weeks, packed adventure that summer is on the crew of the gold camp 15 miles west of Nome. Twice I returned to the same crew, my last expedition in 2007.
Weather & # 39; e-Nome Bering Sea prevails and can change rapidly. In the summer the average highs in the mid-50s, at least in the mid 40s. The coldest three months – December to February, when highs average around 13 degrees, and lows average slightly below freezing.
The beaches are often still covered with ice and snow pack. June offers the best combination of clear blue sky and warm temperature. As the summer is expected to progress more and more rain. Strong storms are common, and as September approached opportunities to work on the beach sands are reduced.
Nom is located on the southern coast of the peninsula Steward Norton Sound of the Bering Sea, about 540 air miles northeast of Anchorage. Many roads connecting Nome with any major city in Alaska. Now secure 4,000 live what was once one of the most densely populated cities in Alaska. Half of the population of Indians Eskimos. Founded in 1901, located in the region Nom Native Corporation Beryngavskaga Strait. Corporation Sitnasuak Village has its land holdings in and around Nome.
There's no place like Nome in
If the search engines in 1899 performed the lyrical directions Johnny Horton to gold in the movie "North to Alaska", they would have been in the cold, salty waters of the Bering. In the song, Horton has a golden banana under that old white mountain, a little to the south-east of Nome. This could place a mountain in the ocean. But the story that there is gold in the water.
History shows that most of the gold Noma today was collected from the beaches of Nome, instead of streams and rivers. Thousands of gold seekers trampled over that golden treasure in their search into the country, never realizing that they grind under their boots elusive mineral, which they so ardently sought.
Much of the credit for the gold rush Noma belongs to the triad Bryntesana John, Eric Lindberg Lindblama and Japheth, who became notorious as the "three happy Swedes", although Lindbergh was actually from Norway.
In the summer of 1898, John was a member of the intelligence Bryntesan Party of the Council of the city, which is considered the peninsula Steward. Violates the outside & # 39; e caused their ship to seek refuge in the mouth of the Snake River that is 13 miles west of Cape Nome. Men waiting for long as the storms decreased spending drainage within a radius of four or five miles from the ship. They found some gold color in the pan, but not enough to excite them. The George. Brantesana, however, he had faith, and he was partnered with two other Scandinavians, Lindblom and Lindbergh. Men continued to explore, and they eventually went to the Anvil Creek, where they found an impressive number of coarse gold. After replenishing meager supplies to Golovin, small trading center 100 miles to the east, they immediately returned to the Anvil Creek, forming a mining district of Cape Nome, and between the three of them were 43 claims. By proxy, they also immediately filed 47 additional claims to lawyers, relatives and friends.
If word of this was made, as usual, feverish migration of searchers descend on the area of Nome, not knowing that happy Swedes still have to find something close to the gold strike. The chaos and confusion that have emerged, linked to the rampant jump suits, cross-claims, lawyers, trial and multiple lawsuits, directed by proxy for people who, in most cases, probably not even existed. Stamps to Nome thousands of search engines of the world have led to disappointment and frustration for the majority and death for many.
Legality of the decision of litigation and claim boundaries prevented US District Judge Arthur H. Noyes, who later turned out to be a rough con man who took part in the scheme, the use of the law to obtain the richest gold claims.
In this treeless land lawlessness reigned, when gangs roamed the streets, sparking fires and looters to plunder. To maintain order were summoned troops from Fort St. Louis by Michael Norton Sound.
In those first weeks of the gold rush, the three happy Swedes probably feel anything but happiness. The blame for the whole fiasco started to solve on their shoulders. Rumors spread like wildfire, happy Swedes have already applied to all productive perspectives. In fact, little gold still has not been found. Swedes & # 39; supply were particularly incite anger against some other search engines, since federal law prohibits foreigners file claims if they can not show true intention to become citizens, the Scandinavians had.
Finally, at a meeting of miners, which have inflamed passions and forever change the fate, Cape Nome mining district was invalid, illegal enterprise, and their demands were canceled.
The decision itself was illegal. Miners may have taken the law into their own hands, if not a few soldiers intervened in tuxedos and forcibly disbanded their fixed bayonets.
It was a lucky break for the Swedes. They got another break. A few days later they were literally forgotten, when one of the soldiers who are stationed in Nome, went to pull water from the mouth of the Snake River and found gold in beach sand. The opening of the scale was almost impossible to believe. Within days, gold was stretched along the water line of more than 40 miles both east and west from Nome. At this time, the peak was indeed.
At the end of the season settled the winter, and the coast was filled up by a glacier, but gold seekers started down the tent camp in the spring of 1899. Golden tide pushed constantly, nyabytnae settlement pretty town with a population of more than 40 000 people. According to the US 1900 Census, one-third of all white, registered in Alaska, lived in Nome. During peak Nomskaga gold, hundreds of tents stretched along twenty miles from the beach to the west of the city.
Nome was a decent strike. Only the summer of 1899, the 2000 miners, both men and women, working with sand in order to get the gold from the gravel gravel in excess of two million dollars, before freezing.